What State Is Best to Start an LLC: New York Or Ohio?

6 minutes read

When deciding whether to start an LLC in New York or Ohio, there are a few factors to consider.

  1. Business Environment: New York has a vibrant and diverse economy, particularly in industries such as finance, technology, and media. It offers a wealth of business opportunities and access to a large consumer base. Ohio, on the other hand, has a more diversified economy with strengths in manufacturing, healthcare, and agriculture. Consider the industry you plan to operate in and which state aligns better with your business goals.
  2. Costs and Taxes: New York generally has higher costs associated with starting and maintaining an LLC. The formation fees, annual filing fees, and other administrative costs tend to be higher compared to other states. Additionally, New York has complex tax laws, including higher income and business taxes. Ohio, on the contrary, has lower costs associated with starting and running an LLC, making it more budget-friendly.
  3. Regulations and Compliance: Both states have their own regulations and compliance requirements for LLCs. New York has more rigorous regulations and reporting obligations, requiring annual reports, publication requirements, and stricter compliance with various rules. Ohio, while still having compliance requirements, generally has simpler regulations making it easier to maintain an LLC.
  4. Access to Resources: New York, being a major business hub, offers abundant resources such as venture capital firms, business networks, and professional services. It provides access to a highly skilled workforce and proximity to potential partners and customers. Ohio, while not as resource-rich as New York, still offers access to various support networks, economic development programs, and affordable real estate options.


Ultimately, the best state to start an LLC depends on your specific business needs, industry, location preferences, and budget. It's advisable to consult with a business attorney or tax advisor who can provide tailored advice based on your unique circumstances.


What is the process for dissolving an LLC in Ohio?

To dissolve an LLC in Ohio, you can follow these steps:

  1. Obtain the consent of the LLC members. Typically, a vote is taken among the members to agree on the dissolution of the LLC. Check the operating agreement of the LLC for any specific requirements regarding the dissolution process.
  2. Settle any outstanding debts and obligations. Ensure that all creditors, including vendors, lenders, and contractors, are paid off. It is recommended to notify the creditors in writing about the LLC's intent to dissolve.
  3. File the Articles of Dissolution with the Ohio Secretary of State. You can obtain the necessary forms from the Ohio Secretary of State's website. The Articles of Dissolution must be completed and submitted to the Secretary of State's office, along with the required filing fee ($50 as of 2021). The Articles of Dissolution must include information about the LLC, including its name, date of dissolution, and reason for dissolution.
  4. Notify appropriate state agencies and tax authorities. Notify the Ohio Department of Taxation about the dissolution of the LLC by filing a Final Ohio Business Income Tax Return (Form IT-1140) and the final Annual Return (Form 5472). Additionally, cancel any permits, licenses, or registrations that were obtained from state agencies.
  5. Publish a notice of dissolution. Once the Articles of Dissolution are filed, it is necessary to publish a notice of the LLC's dissolution in a newspaper of general circulation in the county where the LLC's principal office is located. This notice must be published once a week for two consecutive weeks.
  6. Wrap up business affairs. After the dissolution process, wind up the LLC's remaining affairs, including finalizing contracts, collecting outstanding accounts receivable, and disposing of assets. It may be necessary to notify clients, customers, and business associates about the LLC's dissolution.


It is advisable to consult with a qualified attorney or tax professional to ensure compliance with all legal and tax requirements during the dissolution process.


What is the availability of existing infrastructure in Ohio for an LLC?

Ohio has a well-developed and extensive infrastructure that can support businesses, including LLCs. Here are some key aspects of infrastructure in Ohio:

  1. Transportation: Ohio is known for its robust transportation network. It has a well-maintained system of highways, including the major interstate highways I-70 and I-71, facilitating the movement of goods and people across the state. Ohio is also centrally located, providing convenient access to major markets in the Midwest and beyond. The state has several regional and international airports, including Columbus International Airport, Cleveland Hopkins International Airport, and Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky International Airport, enabling easy air travel for businesses.
  2. Utilities: Ohio has a reliable utility infrastructure for businesses. The state has multiple electricity providers, including investor-owned utilities and municipal utilities, ensuring a consistent supply of power. Natural gas infrastructure is also well-established. In addition, Ohio has a diverse mix of water sources and wastewater treatment facilities to support industrial and commercial activities.
  3. Broadband and Telecommunications: Ohio recognizes the importance of high-speed internet connectivity for businesses. The state has invested in expanding its broadband infrastructure, including fiber-optic networks, to provide reliable and fast internet access across urban and rural areas. Multiple telecommunications providers operate in the state, offering a range of services to support business communication needs.
  4. Industrial Parks and Commercial Zones: Ohio has numerous industrial parks, business parks, and commercial zones strategically located throughout the state. These areas often offer well-planned infrastructure, including roads, utilities, and other amenities, to attract businesses. They provide suitable locations for LLCs to establish their operations.
  5. Education and Research Institutions: Ohio is home to renowned universities and research institutions, such as Ohio State University, University of Cincinnati, and Case Western Reserve University. These institutions foster innovation and research, offering opportunities for collaboration, technology transfer, and skilled workforce development for LLCs.


In summary, Ohio's existing infrastructure is well-developed and provides a favorable environment for LLCs, offering reliable transportation, utilities, broadband connectivity, industrial parks, and access to research institutions.


What is the difference in LLC formation requirements between New York and Ohio?

The formation requirements for LLCs can vary by state. Here are the key differences in LLC formation requirements between New York and Ohio:

  1. Articles of Organization: In both states, you need to file Articles of Organization with the respective Secretary of State to form an LLC. However, the specific information required and the forms to be used may vary.
  2. Name Availability: Before forming an LLC, you should check the availability of your desired business name. New York requires businesses to conduct a name search on the New York Department of State website and reserve the name if available. Ohio also requires a name search through the Ohio Secretary of State's website, but does not require name reservation.
  3. Registered Agent: Both states require LLCs to appoint a registered agent to receive official notices and legal documents on behalf of the company. New York mandates that the registered agent must be a New York resident, or a business entity authorized to conduct business in the state. Ohio has similar requirements where the agent must be an Ohio resident or a company authorized to do business in the state.
  4. Publication Requirements: New York has an additional requirement called "publication requirements." After formation, within 120 days, newly formed LLCs must publish a notice of formation in two newspapers in the county where the LLC's office is located for six consecutive weeks. This can be quite expensive. Ohio does not have such publication requirements.
  5. Formation Fees: The filing fees to form an LLC in each state can differ. As of September 2021, the filing fee for forming an LLC in New York is $200, while in Ohio, it is $99.


It is important to note that LLC formation requirements can change over time, and it is always advisable to consult the official state websites or legal professionals to ensure accurate and up-to-date information.

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